This involves operating self-driving units in the area of the Road Traffic Act that can be used for, among other things, transporting goods.
Order on tests with self-driving units
Due to a focus in recent years on the development and use of new forms of technology in transport and services, including robot technology, the self-driving units are an initiative to improve the possibility to develop and innovate the transport sector, among other things, for the benefit of the environment and as a solution to congestion.
The Order on tests with self-driving units establishes the framework for the use of these types of vehicles in the area of the Road Traffic Act, so that the use of the new self-driving units can take place in a safe manner.
The Order will mean that these vehicles may, with a permit, be used in the area of the Road Traffic Act on sections where there is only limited traffic. It is only possible for economic operators, research and teaching institutes and public authorities to obtain a permit.
The self-driving units can be used on the test route that the self-driving unit has been granted a permit to use. In principle, the self-driving units must comply with the traffic rules that apply to pedestrians, and must therefore, as a basic principle, have a maximum design speed of 6 km/h, but an upper maximum design speed of up to 15 km/h may be permitted.
The Orders set technical requirements for the self-driving units. There are also requirements for the physical person who is responsible for taking charge of operating the self-driving unit, requirements for the permit holder and requirements for the application.
The new Orders will contain provisions on:
• Weights and dimensions
• Requirements for the physical person responsible for taking charge of operating the self-driving unit
• Requirements for the permit holder
• Penalties and entry into force