Nematodes, insects and spiders that can be used as pesticides
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency’s regulations on nematodes, insects and arachnids as pesticides
The Swedish Environmental Protection Agency examines the species of nematodes, insects and arachnids that can be approved as pesticides in Sweden. The examination can be initiated by the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency or be carried out at the request of an individual. The proposed rules contain certain requirements for the documentation that an application must contain. The application must contain information on the species taxonomy, the species distribution area based on natural distribution or introduction, use history, the species biology and ecology with information on life cycle, generation time, reproduction, climate requirements, prevalence of wintering stage and other resting stages, distribution mechanism, habitat, host
spectrum, natural enemies and prevalence of relevant associated organisms, risks to biodiversity based on taxonomy, establishment potential, host spectrum, distribution, contamination during import, direct and indirect effects on species other than the target organism, and the presence of relevant associated organisms and risks to human health.
The proposed regulation also requires that those who are obliged to notify the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency of adverse effects on human health or on the environment in the notification must submit the name of the organism, a description of how the organism can have a detrimental effect on human health or on the environment, and information on what the description is based on. In addition, if the obligation to notify is based on observation when using nematodes, insects or arachnids, information must be provided on the time and place of observation.